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About Kava

Kava is a decentralized, permissionless Layer-1 blockchain network designed specifically for decentralized finance (DeFi) applications. The network enables users to collateralize digital assets like crypto to mint stablecoins, lend, borrow, and earn interest on deposited assets.

Kava aims to connect crypto economies across chains, allowing for seamless DeFi application experiences. It does this through a novel multi-chain approach using the Cosmos SDK. The blockchain mainnet launched in late 2019 and has seen rapid development and ecosystem growth since.

Origin and History

Kava was founded in 2018 by Scott Stuart, Brian Kerr, and Ruaridh O’Donnell. The project conducted an initial coin offering (ICO) in 2019, raising $3 million from leading blockchain investment firms like Arrington XRP Capital and Digital Currency Group.

Shortly after, Kava Labs launched the Kava mainnet – becoming one of the early Layer-1 smart contracting platforms built with Cosmos SDK like Terra and Osmosis. This allowed it to leverage the security of the battle-tested Tendermint byzantine fault tolerant (BFT) consensus mechanism.

Unique Features and Selling Points

Cross-Chain Functionality

A core feature that sets Kava apart is its novel cross-chain approach to DeFi. The platform uses a proprietary blockchain bridge technology called Cosmos Peg Zone that connects external chains like Bitcoin and XRP to the Kava Chain.

This allows users to access DeFi services by collateralizing BTC, XRP, BNB, and ATOM – bringing immense liquidity to the ecosystem. Developers can easily build cross-chain DeFi apps on Kava, combining assets and services across networks.

DeFi Applications

As an EVM-compatible chain, Kava enables developers to build DeFi apps like:

  • Kava Lend – A money market for collateralized lending and borrowing
  • Kava Swap – An Automated Market Making (AMM) decentralized exchange
  • Kava Mint – A stablecoin platform to mint tokens pegged to assets
  • Kava Farm – A yield optimizer for earning rewards by staking crypto

These apps provide an intuitive end-to-end DeFi experience to users looking to earn yields on their collateralized digital assets. Kava apps will also be accessible via bridges like Terra and other chains soon.

Staking and Governance

KAVA token holders can stake their tokens in the Proof-of-Stake network to operate nodes and validators – thus securing the blockchain. In exchange they earn staking rewards from network inflation and fees.

Stakers also participate in the on-chain governance of the platform by voting on proposals and other key policies. This gives the community greater control over the network’s future direction. Kava also has an active off-chain governance forum.

Technology and Architecture

Tendermint Core

Kava is built on the extremely secure and performant Tendermint blockchain – the world’s leading BFT proof-of-stake engine. Tendermint provides networking, consensus, and node capabilities out of the box.

This allows Kava to leverage the robust security inherited from the Cosmos network, greatly improving reliability and attack-resistance. Tendermint is battle-tested having secured $100 billions of value across chains like Terra ($LUNA), Binance Chain, Osmosis, and Crypto.com.

Cosmos SDK

The Cosmos Software Development Kit (SDK) framework gives Kava flexibility and modularity for rapid innovation. SDK is used to build application-specific blockchains easily with ready modules like staking, governance, interoperability, accounts etc.

This allows Kava developers to reuse stable code and focus on the product features and business logic.

Proof of Stake

Kava utilizes a bonused ‘Proof-of-Staked-Authority’ consensus that incentivizes early stakers with additional voting power. This allowed robust security while bootstrapping the network.

Now Kava offers regular proof-of-stake where users stake KAVA tokens to operate validators and infrastructure to secure the network in exchange for staking rewards. Anyone can operate a node with minimum hardware and technical requirements.

Ecosystem and Adoption

Integrations and Partnerships

Kava has integrated with lending protocol Hard Protocol to offer wrapped Bitcoin as collateral in Hard’s money markets. Similarly, Kava stablecoins can be used in Anchor Protocol’s yield generation platform.

Kava Labs has also partnered with Chainlink to integrate decentralised price oracles, Nexus Mutual for smart contract cover, and Polygon for leveraging interoperability solutions.

These partnerships boost Kava’s capabilities while exposing the platform to new networks and users – fueling ecosystem growth.

Total Value Locked Growth

Since launch, Kava has seen steady growth in Total Value Locked (TVL) indicating growing adoption. As per DeFi Llama, Kava TVL stands at over $340 million – a 23X growth since 2020. KAVA also ranks in the top 70 chains by TVL.

Top contributing protocols include Anchor, Hard and Kava lending – indicating strong momentum for DeFi apps in the ecosystem. Kava aims to capture more TVL through new integrations like Terra, Optimism etc. that are in progress.

Future Roadmap and Developments

Upcoming developments include Gravity Bridge integration for EVM interoperability, launch of a native NFT marketplace for digital collectibles and non-fungible tokens, and additional DeFi primitives like under-collateralized loans.

Kava also plans to enable smart contracts and assets from every chain to connect by enabling any-to-any asset bridging. This will greatly expand the scope of cross-chain DeFi possible on Kava.

With accelerating developer activity and growing platform maturity, Kava is poised for mainstream DeFi adoption going forward.


KAVA Token

The native KAVA token is central to the Kava blockchain ecosystem. KAVA has a fixed max supply of 170 million tokens. The token has utility for:

  • Staking – Used to participate in validation and governance
  • Fees – Paying gas and transaction fees for DeFi apps
  • Collateral – Backing for minting stablecoins and loans
  • Incentives – Distribution of rewards and network revenue

As more users collateralize assets, take loans and participate in the ecosystem – KAVA demand rises. Only 17% of supply is currently circulating, indicating huge room for growth.

Incentives and Rewards

Kava incentivizes early adopters and stakers via staking rewards from token inflation and platform fees. Validators get up to 20% APR for securing the network.

Additional token buybacks and burns funded through platform revenue share further incentivize KAVA holders by constraining supply.

These incentives encourage the community to actively secure the network and govern the protocol – enabling long term sustainability.

Investment Potential and Risks

Market Performance

As a top 100 crypto asset, KAVA has showcased growing real-world utility through 2022 emerging from the broader bear market. After trading under $1 for years, KAVA rallied to a high of $7 recently – marking a historic peak.

With accelerating development and adoption, demand for the governance and utility token continues rising. However, given the volatile crypto markets, substantial risk exists as well.

Competitive Landscape

As a Cosmos SDK chain, Kava competes with other DeFi-focused smart contract networks like Terra, Osmosis, Crypto.org chain etc. in areas like developer traction and user acquisition.

Chains like Terra have showcased meteoric growth indicating the massive potential. However, Kava is competitively positioned given its composability, security and institutional backing.

Regulatory Considerations

As with most cryptos, regulatory risk exists regarding how authorities like the SEC may view and designate certain decentralised tokens. Unclear regulations have resulted in confusion and lawsuits previously.

While direct legal/compliance risks seem limited currently, policies could substantially impact adoption and hence token values. Overall, Kava remains well positioned to navigate potential regulatory scenarios.


Since launch in 2019, Kava has grown rapidly to become a leading decentralized finance hub – enabling lending, borrowing and other services in a permissionless manner.

With over $340 million worth of assets utilized in innovative DeFi protocols built by both the core team and community developers, Kava stands uniquely positioned as the chain interconnecting crypto economies across networks.

With accelerating developer traction, institutional backing and protocol maturity, Kava continues showcasing tremendous potential to lead the next evolution of truly decentralized and interoperable finance spanning centralized assets like BTC as well as multiple Layer-1 ecosystems seamlessly.


Kava is a decentralized finance (DeFi) platform built on the Cosmos SDK framework that allows users to borrow, lend, and earn interest on digital assets. The Kava blockchain acts as a hub connecting multiple other blockchains to enable interoperability and composability between various DeFi applications and services.

Kava was co-founded in 2018 by Brian Kerr, Scott Stuart, and Ruaridh O’Donnell – innovators with backgrounds spanning software engineering, analytics, and blockchain technology.

The Kava blockchain leverages the security of Tendermint and enables cross-chain DeFi services via the Cosmos Peg Zone module. Users can collateralize crypto assets like BTC and mint stablecoins or access other protocols like lending/borrowing. Validators secure the network via staking and earn inflationary rewards.

As a decentralized lending platform, Kava allows users to lend and borrow assets, stake cryptocurrencies to earn rewards, mint stablecoins by depositing collateral like BTC/XRP, swap tokens on an AMM dex, and more.

Kava’s KAVA token is available on most major exchanges like Binance, Coinbase, Kraken, KuCoin and can be traded against USDT, BTC, ETH, and other pairs. The token grants governance rights and platform usage incentives.

KAVA tokens can be stored securely on hardware wallets like Ledger and Trezor or mobile wallets like Trust Wallet, Atomic Wallet as well as the IronWallet cold wallet which offers optimal security.

Kava uniquely offers cross-chain collateralization and asset transfer capabilities – allowing BTC, XRP, BNB etc. to be used seamlessly across bridges. This interoperability unlocks immense liquidity for advanced DeFi.

No, Kava cannot be mined. The KAVA token is minted with each block by validators who stake tokens and help secure the Proof-of-Stake-based blockchain in exchange for rewards from inflation and fees.

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