New Kind of Network

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About New Kind of Network (NKN)

New Kind of Network (NKN) is an innovative decentralized network protocol and ecosystem that utilizes a novel combination of cellular automata theory, distributed data transmission, and token economics. The goal of NKN is to reinvent the internet by building a truly decentralized, secure, and scalable network infrastructure.

History and Development of NKN

NKN was founded in 2018 by Yanbo Li, Zheng “Bruce” Li, and Chao Ma. The core team consists of PhD researchers and engineers who have worked at companies like Google, Qualcomm, and Nokia.

The inspiration for NKN came from the limitations of existing centralized networks and a desire to create an open, community-driven networking model. By leveraging peer-to-peer connectivity, NKN can overcome issues like single points of failure, inadequate scalability, and lack of transparency that plague traditional networks.

NKN raised over $12 million in a private token sale in early 2018. Development started shortly after, with the launch of the project’s testnet later that year. The NKN mainnet was officially launched in April 2019.

How NKN Works

NKN utilizes several key innovations to build a secure, scalable peer-to-peer network:

Cellular Automata Consensus

NKN uses a unique consensus method based on Cellular Automata theory. Cellular Automata are discrete, decentralized systems that can perform complex calculations through simple rule-based interactions between nodes.

This allows consensus to be reached rapidly and without high compute overhead. NKN leverages this to achieve fast, secure transaction verification without energy-intensive mining.

Distributed Data Transmission Network

NKN constructs a distributed data transmission network by having nodes dynamically route and relay data via optimal paths. This removes the need for centralized servers.

The network can intelligently adapt to demand and expand or shrink capacity for any network edge or device. This provides unlimited potential scaling.

Features and Capabilities of NKN

Some of the key features of NKN include:


NKN has no centralized servers or control. This eliminates single points of failure. The peer-to-peer network structure and Cellular Automata consensus enable distributed coordination.


All data transmission and routing is encrypted end-to-end. Cellular Automata consensus neutralizes attacks like DDoS. The decentralized architecture provides robust protection against data censorship.


The dynamic distributed network can easily scale up or down on demand. Adding nodes instantly boosts capacity. NKN can theoretically scale to trillions of devices.

Low Latency

By optimizing connectivity at the edge and routing data along the shortest paths, NKN achieves millisecond-level latency. This enables high performance for time-sensitive use cases.

Use Cases and Applications of NKN

NKN aims to be the foundation for decentralized versions of many key network services:

Decentralized VPN

NKN can provide encrypted, secure point-to-point connectivity without needing a VPN provider. This protects user privacy and data.

Decentralized Storage

Files can be reliably and securely stored on the distributed NKN network, avoiding centralized data silos.

Decentralized Computing

Dapps and smart contracts can be hosted directly on the NKN network layer to benefit from its speed, security, and scalability.

Internet of Things Connectivity

NKN’s distributed network is ideal for connecting IoT devices and allowing them to share data directly without intermediaries.

The NKN Token and Economics

The NKN network has a native cryptographic token called nkn that serves several purposes:

  • Incentivize participation: nkn tokens provide economic incentives for nodes to join the network, relay and route data for others, and vote on the shared ledger. Earning nkn is how providers get compensated.
  • Network governance: nkn holders can stake tokens to vote on network proposals, shaping future policies and upgrades. The community collectively governs NKN’s evolution.
  • Network access: Users pay a small fee in nkn to use services like sending data packets across the network. This aligns demand with supply.
  • Security: Cryptography and staking secure the network. Validators stake nkn as collateral to validate transactions. This disincentives cheating.

NKN uses an innovative token distribution and flow model. New tokens are minted by mining but the overall inflation rate is fixed at 3% to preserve value. Tokens from fees get redistributed to providers and validators. This fosters a virtuous ecosystem that incentivizes participation, aligns stakeholders, and finances ongoing network growth.


NKN presents a bold new vision for networking that replaces centralized chokepoints with peer-to-peer connections. By combining Cellular Automata with distributed data transmission, NKN can unlock the full potential of a secure, community-powered internet. As adoption grows, NKN aims to fundamentally upgrade core network infrastructure and services with its decentralized alternatives. With a strong technical foundation and developer-friendly tools, NKN has the opportunity to profoundly reshape the future internet for the better.


New Kind of Network (NKN) is an innovative blockchain-based network aiming to revolutionize data transmission and connectivity. It leverages a decentralized, peer-to-peer approach to create a more efficient and secure internet infrastructure. This network focuses on enhancing data transmission speeds and reliability while ensuring a high level of security and privacy.

The New Kind of Network was founded by a team of seasoned professionals in the tech industry. Yanbo Li, a founding member of Onchain and co-founder of NEO, is notably associated with NKN. His expertise, along with the skills of other team members, has been instrumental in shaping NKN’s vision and technology.

NKN operates by creating a decentralized network of nodes that communicate and transmit data among each other. This system uses a novel public blockchain as its underlying technology. It employs an innovative consensus mechanism called “Proof of Relay,” which incentivizes nodes to contribute to network connectivity and data transmission, thus enhancing the overall efficiency and reliability of the network.

The primary use of NKN is to provide a decentralized solution for data transmission and internet connectivity. It aims to improve network efficiency and security, offering a robust platform for various applications including content delivery, peer-to-peer file sharing, and decentralized web services. Its flexibility makes it suitable for a wide range of use cases in the modern digital landscape.

NKN tokens can be purchased on various cryptocurrency exchanges that support this asset. Popular exchanges like Binance, Huobi, and Upbit list NKN, providing a platform for users to buy, sell, and trade the token. It’s essential to conduct thorough research and use a reputable exchange to ensure a secure transaction.

NKN tokens can be safely stored in wallets that support the NKN blockchain. Both hardware and software wallets offer solutions, with hardware wallets providing enhanced security. Popular options include Ledger Nano S and Trezor for hardware wallets, and MyEtherWallet or MetaMask for software wallets. Always prioritize security and choose a wallet that aligns with your needs.

NKN stands out due to its unique approach to network connectivity and data transmission. Its decentralized, peer-to-peer architecture, combined with the novel Proof of Relay consensus mechanism, distinguishes it from traditional networks. This setup not only enhances efficiency and security but also incentivizes participation, fostering a more robust and resilient network.

Yes, it is possible to mine NKN tokens. Mining in the context of NKN involves participating in the network as a node and contributing to data relay and network connectivity. By doing so, participants can earn NKN tokens as a reward for their contributions. This process is part of the network’s consensus mechanism and plays a vital role in maintaining and enhancing the network’s performance.

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